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History of PIA - Pakistan International Airlines

Date: February 25, 1956

Time: 2:56 PM

Type: Douglas C-47 Skytrain (DC-3 Dakota)

Registration: AP-ACZ

C/n: 16813/33561

Year built: 1945

Crew: 3 fatalities/3 on board

Passengers: 0 fatalities/0 on board

Total: 3 fatalities/3 on board

Location: Lastgarush Galli (Pakistan)

Phase: Cruise

Nature: Freight

Flight: Gilgit - Rawalpindi

Flight number:

Remarks: After arriving at Gilgit at 10:14 AM, the captain chose not to carry passengers on the flight back to Rawalpindi due to very bad weather conditions. The DC-3 took off at 2:00 PM and climbed to an altitude of 10000ft.Very bad weather conditions (rain, sleet and a thunderstorm) were encountered as the aircraft entered the area of a gorge flanked by mountains rising up to 16720ft.Two circuits were flown near the village of Jalkot until it struck the peak of Lastgarush Galli at 14-15000ft in Yaghistan. Communication of the DC-3 trapped in bad weather and snow drifts in Indus Valley was picked at 2:56 PM by crew of a Royal Pakistan Air Force (RPAF) aircraft flying near Rawalpindi. Wreckage of the crashed aircraft was found on March 11, 1956.

Probable cause: "Pilot error, while he was attempting a flight beyond his ability or experience".

Source: ICAO Accident Digest No.8, Circular 54-AN/49(60)

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Date: December 25, 1956

Time: 11:30 AM

Type: Convair CV-240-5

Registration: AP-AHO

C/n: 42

Year built: 1948

Crew: 0 fatalities/6 on board

Passengers: 0 fatalities/34 on board

Total: 0 fatalities/40 on board

Location: Bombay (India)

Phase: Final Approach

Nature: Scheduled Passenger

Flight: Karachi - Bombay

Flight number:

Remarks: While approaching Bombay-Santa Cruz runway 27, the CV-240 was struck by a Stinson L-5 Sentinel (VT-CAR) which had just taken off from Bombay-Juhu. The Stinson crashed, killing both occupants, but the CV-240 landed safely. Rudder of Convair was damaged in this incident.

Source: ASN

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Date: July 1, 1957

Time: 9:17 AM

Type: Douglas C-47 Skytrain (DC-3 Dakota)

Registration: AP-AJS

C/n: 12501

Year built: 1944

Crew: 4 fatalities/4 on board

Passengers: 20 fatalities/20 on board

Total: 24 fatalities/24 on board

Location: Off Charlakhi Island (Pakistan)

Phase: Cruise

Nature: Scheduled Passenger

Flight: Chittagong - Dacca

Flight number:

Remarks: The DC-3 departed from Chittagong Airport at 9:05 AM for one-hour flight to Dacca. Last communication with aircraft was made at 9:17 AM before it crashed on tidal flats in the Bay of Bengal. The wreckage was found on July 4, 1957, on the coast of Charlakhi Island about 14 miles south-east of Noakhali and 50 miles west of Chittagong.

Probable cause: "The aircraft crashed after penetrating a thunderstorm and breaking up due to excessive forces placed upon the airframe".

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Date: May 15, 1958

Time: 8:10 PM

Type: Convair CV -240-7

Registration: AP-AEH

C/n: 52

Year built: 1948

Crew: 4 fatalities/6 on board

Passengers: 17 fatalities/32 on board

Total: 21 fatalities/38 on board

Ground casualties: 2 fatalities

Location: Delhi-Palam (India)

Phase: Initial Climb

Nature: Scheduled Passenger

Flight: Delhi - Karachi

Flight number: PK-205

Remarks: The Convair descended and struck ground after take off at night from Delhi-Palam Airport. The aircraft crashed outside airport boundary fence.

Probable cause: "The captain did not properly observe and interpret his flight instruments and thus inadvertently permitted the aircraft to descend to the ground immediately after a night take off during which no visual reference was possible. A contributory factor may have been the slow reactions of captain due to his state of health".

Source: ICAO Accident Digest, Circular 59-AN/54 (135-138)

PIA Convair CV -240-7

Convair CV -240-7  (Abbas Ali Collection)

AP-AEH wreckage at crash site

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Date: May 18, 1959

Time:

Type: Vickers Viscount 815

Registration: AP-AJC

C/n: 335

Year built: 1958

Crew: 0 fatalities/8 on board

Passengers: 0 fatalities/33 on board

Total: 0 fatalities/41 on board

Location: Rawalpindi Airport (Pakistan)

Phase: Landing

Nature: Scheduled Passenger

Flight: Karachi - Lahore - Rawalpindi - Peshawar

Flight number:

Remarks: The Viscount skidded sideways off the runway into a monsoon ditch when the pilot tried to turn the aircraft (ground loop?) at the end of the runway. The undercarriage folded up sideways and one wing was broken.

PIA Vickers Viscount 815

Vickers Viscount 815  (Abbas Ali Collection)

AP-AJC involved in above described accident

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Date: August 14, 1959

Time: 10:14 PM

Type: Vickers Viscount 815

Registration: AP-AJE

C/n: 337

Year built: 1959

Crew: 2 fatalities/3 on board

Passengers: 0 fatalities/0 on board

Total: 2 fatalities/3 on board

Location: Karachi (Pakistan)

Phase: Go around

Nature: Training

Flight: Karachi - Karachi

Flight number: -

Remarks: The PIA Viscount took off from Karachi at 7:30 PM for a training flight. The aircraft returned to Karachi at 9:39 PM and took off again at 9:48 PM for further training. At 10:07 PM the crew were cleared to land. The aircraft (probably carrying out an ILS approach) was not properly lined up with the runway, so a go around was carried out. On the second time, the Viscount was seen flying very low over the runway with engines no. 3 and 4 inoperative. During the overshoot, Viscount yawed almost 90 degree to starboard, causing the right wing to strike a blast pen wall. The aircraft then crashed in flames.

Probable cause: "The trainee captain attempted a maneuver in disregard of the prescribed limitations of such maneuver. A two-engine overshoot was attempted at a very low height and below the prescribed minimum speed, when the aircraft was committed to a landing. This resulted in violent yaw and sharp drop which could not be controlled. The training captain was conversant with the minimum requirements of a two-engine overshoot of a Viscount 815 aircraft but appears to have overestimated its performance".

Source: ICAO  Circular 64-AN/58 (33-34)

PIA Vickers Viscount 815

Vickers Viscount 815  (Abbas Ali Collection)

AP-AJE involved in above described accident

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Date: January 29, 1960

Time:

Type: Douglas C-47 Skytrain (DC-3 Dakota)

Registration: AP-ABC

C/n: 6069

Year built: 1942

Crew: 0 fatalities/3 on board

Passengers: 0 fatalities/0 on board

Total: 0 fatalities/3 on board

Location: Nagpur (India)

Phase: Final Approach

Nature: Ferry

Flight: Dacca - Nagpur

Flight number:

Remarks: While on final approach to Sonegaon Airport, Nagpur, a glider crossed the flight path of the DC-3. While trying to avoid a collision, the right wing of the DC-3 struck the glider. The glider crashed out of control, but the DC-3 landed safely.

Probable cause: "Unauthorized launching and subsequent maneuvering of the glider ahead of the powered aircraft when it was on its final approach to land".

Source: ASN

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Date: March 22, 1961

Time:

Type: Douglas C-47 Skytrain (DC-3 Dakota)

Registration: AP-AAC

C/n: 9543

Year built: 1943

Crew: 0 fatalities/5 on board

Passengers: 0 fatalities/8 on board

Total: 0 fatalities/13 on board

Location: Paksey (Pakistan)

Phase: Landing

Nature: Proving Flight

Flight: - Paksey

Flight number:

Remarks: The DC-3 on proving flight crashed during landing at Paksey airstrip, Pabna. All five crew members and eight officials of the airline aboard the aircraft remained safe but the aircraft was damaged and withdrawn from use.

Probable cause:

PIA Douglas DC-3 Dakota

Douglas DC-3 Dakota  (Abbas Ali Collection)

AP-AAC at its accident site in Paksey, Pabna

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Date: June 25, 1964

Time:

Type: Fokker F27 Friendship Mark 200

Registration: AP-ALO

C/n: 10165

Year built: 1961

Total airframe hours: 7016hours

Cycles: 8325 cycles

Crew: 0 fatalities/4 on board

Passengers: 0 fatalities/22 on board

Total: 0 fatalities/26 on board

Location: Dacca International Airport (Pakistan)

Phase: Landing

Nature: Scheduled passenger

Flight: Chittagong - Dacca

Flight number:

Remarks: The Fokker F27 was approaching Dacca when a line squall passed over the airport. After crossing the runway threshold, the plane encountered severe gusts and limited visibility. The aircraft stalled and landed very heavily, causing both wings to break off.

Source: Willem Wendt

PIA Fokker F27 Friendship Mk 200

Fokker F27 Friendship Mark 200  (Copyright © Capt. Safdar Nana)

June 25, 1964, Dacca, East Pakistan - the result of an F27 (registration mark AP-ALO) meeting a severe squall on landing. Capt. Saleem-ul-Haque was the skipper and Safdar Nana the First Officer – Photo courtesy of Captain Safdar Nana via Capt. Johnny Sadiq

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Date: March 26, 1965

Time:

Type: Douglas C-47 Skytrain (DC-3 Dakota)

Registration: AP-AAH

C/n: 12089

Year built: 1943

Crew: 4 fatalities/4 on board

Passengers: 18 fatalities/22 on board

Total: 22 fatalities/26 on board

Location: Lowari Pass (Pakistan)

Phase: Cruise

Nature: Scheduled passenger

Flight: Peshawar - Chitral

Flight number:

Remarks: Crashed near 9000 feet high Lowari Pass near Dir. The DC-3 had departed from Peshawar Airport at 10:30 AM.

PIA Douglas DC-3 Dakota

Douglas DC-3 Dakota  (Abbas Ali Collection)

AP-AAH involved in above described accident

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