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History of PIA - Pakistan International Airlines

Date: May 20, 1965

Time: 2:48 AM

Type: Boeing 720-040B

Registration: AP-AMH

C/n: 18379/321

Year built: 1962

Crew: 13 fatalities/13 on board

Passengers: 106 fatalities/112 on board

Total: 119 fatalities/125 on board

Location: near Cairo (United Arab Republic - UAR)

Phase: Initial approach

Nature: Scheduled passenger

Flight: Karachi - Dhahran - Cairo - London

Flight number: PK-705

Remarks: Flight PK-705 departed from Karachi Airport on May 19 at 11:00 PM Pakistan time (18:00 GMT) for Dhahran. The aircraft departed Dhahran at 21:22 GMT for Cairo. The flight was uneventful and at 23:40 GMT it was cleared for a left-hand circuit for Runway 34. At 23:45 GMT the crew reported turning on finals. The Boeing 720B kept descending and struck the ground short of runway at 2:48 AM local time (23:48 GMT).

Probable cause: "The aircraft did not maintain adequate height for the circuit and continued to descend until it contacted the ground. The reason for that abnormal continuation of descent is unknown".

Source: ICAO Circular 88-AN/74 (113-117)

PIA Boeing 720-040B wreckage

Wreckage of Boeing 720-040B  (Abbas Ali Collection)

Wreckage piece of PIA Boeing 720-040B, AP-AMH, that crashed near Cairo International Airport on May 20, 1965

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Date: October 8, 1965

Time:

Type: Fokker F27 Friendship Mark 200

Registration: AP-ATT

C/n: 10279

Year built: 1965

Total airframe hours: 491 hours

Cycles: 528 cycles

Crew: 4 fatalities/4 on board

Passengers: 0 fatalities/0 on board

Total: 4 fatalities/4 on board

Location: Naran (Pakistan)

Phase: Cruise

Nature: Freight

Flight: Rawalpindi - Skardu

Flight number:

Remarks: The F27 with four crew members departed from Rawalpindi Airport for Skardu. The aircraft was carrying civilian supplies. After the aircraft failed to reach its destination on scheduled time a search was ordered. The aircraft wreckage was sighted by Pakistan Air Force (PAF) transport aircraft. The site of crash was a snow covered peak at a height of 13,000 feet near Naran, Kaghan Valley.

Source: ICAO Circular 88/74 Volume III (48-51)

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Date: February 2, 1966

Time: 2:23 PM

Type: Sikorsky S-61N

Registration: AP-AOC

C/n: 61-225

Year built: 1964

Crew: 3 fatalities/3 on board

Passengers: 20 fatalities/21 on board

Total: 23 fatalities/24 on board

Location: Near Faridpur (Pakistan)

Phase: Cruise

Nature: Scheduled passenger

Flight: Dacca - Faridpur - Kushtia - Rajshahi - Dacca

Flight number: PK-17

Remarks: The helicopter crashed near Faridpur after striking a vulture in cruise flight.

Source: Brent Wallace

PIA Sikorsky S-61N

Sikorsky S-61N  (Abbas Ali Collection)

AP-AOC wreckage at crash site

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Date: September 7, 1966

Type: Fokker F27 Friendship Mark 200

Registration: AP-ALX

C/n: 10188

Year built: 1961

Crew: 0 fatalities/? on board

Passengers: 0 fatalities/? on board

Total: 0 fatalities/? on board

Location: Chittagong Airport (Pakistan)

Phase: Landing

Remarks: AP-ALX made a very rough landing on its nose wheel at Chittagong Airport in East Pakistan. The nose-wheel was broken and fuselage skin around cockpit section also suffered damage. On January 3, 1967, AP-ALX repair work was completed by Fokker Company and the aircraft returned to service.

Fokker F27 Friendship Mark 200

Fokker F27 Friendship Mark 200  (Jacques Vooren Collection)

AP-ALX being repaired by Fokker Company at Chittagong Airport in East Pakistan

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Date: December 10, 1966

Time:

Type: Sikorsky S-61N

Registration: AP-AOA

C/n: 61-159

Year built: 1962

Crew: 1 fatalities/2 on board

Passengers: 0 fatalities/0 on board

Total: 1 fatalities/2 on board

Location: Baniadi Village (Pakistan)

Phase:

Nature: Training

Flight: Dacca - Dacca

Flight number:

Remarks: The helicopter was on a training flight when it crashed at Baniadi village about 10 miles east of Dacca. The accident happened around midday and killed one of the two pilots. The other pilot in injured condition was removed from burning wreckage by locals.

Source: Brent Wallace

PIA Sikorsky S-61N

Sikorsky S-61N  (Abbas Ali Collection)

AP-AOA wreckage at crash site

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Date: June 24, 1967

Type: Boeing 720-040B

Registration: AP-ATQ

C/n: 18745

Year built: 1964

Crew: 0 fatalities/? on board

Passengers: 0 fatalities/134 on board

Total: 0 fatalities/? on board

Location: Tehran Meharabad International Airport (Iran)

Phase: Landing

Nature: Scheduled passenger

Flight: Karachi - Tehran - Moscow - Frankfurt - London

Flight number: PK-713

Remarks: During approach to Tehran's Meharabad International Airport, the pilot selected landing gear down. On selecting the nose gear down, two main green lights came ON but door red warning and gear unsafe warning lights did not got out. The Flight Engineer was asked to go down to compartment lower 41 and make a visual check of the nose gear. He reported the nose gear was up while the doors were open. The crew tried different methods but failed to break the uplock and nose gear remained stuck in fully up position. At last the Captain decided to land with nose gear up. The Boeing 720B circled over the airport for full one hour and forty minutes to dump the fuel.

During nose gear up landing, the damage sustained by the aircraft was comparatively small and was confined mainly to the nose gear doors, the radio antenna and the area forward of the lower 41 door. A minor fire occurred on the nose gear doors due to friction with the runway, but it was promptly extinguished by the airport fire authorities and no further damage occurred. The aircraft was repaired and returned to service.

PIA Boeing 720-040B

Boeing 720-040B  (Muhammad Ali Collection)

AP-ATQ making nose gear up landing at Tehran Meharabad International Airport


Date: August 6, 1970

Time: 2:20 AM

Type: Fokker F27 Friendship Mark 200

Registration: AP-ALM

C/n: 10163

Year built: 1960

Total airframe hours: 19000 hours

Cycles: 26000 cycles

Crew: 4 fatalities/4 on board

Passengers: 26 fatalities/26 on board

Total: 30 fatalities/30 on board

Location: Near Rawat (Pakistan)

Phase: Cruise

Nature: Scheduled passenger

Flight: Rawalpindi - Lahore

Flight number: PK-625

Remarks: At 2:14 AM, the F27 took off from Rawalpindi for a 44-minute night coach flight to Lahore. Last contact with the aircraft was made at 2:20 AM. The aircraft crashed into the ground, left wing low at high speed. Weather was bad at the time of the accident: thunderstorms in heavy rainfall and gusty winds. Strong Monsoon clouds were entering area near Rawalpindi. The aircraft wreckage was found near Rawat about 12 nautical miles south-east of Rawalpindi. When the F27 took off from Rawalpindi, the weather briefing was: "Heavy rain, gusty winds and a cell of lightning" on the south-eastern route to Lahore.

Probable cause: Disintegrated in thunderstorm.

Source: Willem Wendt

PIA Fokker F27 Friendship Mark 200

Fokker F27 Friendship Mark 200  (Abbas Ali Collection)

AP-ALM wreckage piece


Date: December 30, 1970

Time: 8:40 AM

Type: Fokker F27 Friendship Mark 200

Registration: AP-AUV

C/n: 10330

Year built: 1967

Total airframe hours: 7813 hours

Cycles: 11387 cycles

Crew: 0 fatalities/5 on board

Passengers: 6 fatalities/30 on board

Total: 6 fatalities/35 on board

Location: Shamshernagar Airport (Pakistan)

Phase: Landing

Nature: Scheduled passenger

Flight: Sylhet - Shamshernagar - Dacca

Flight number: PK-400

Remarks: The F27 seconds before landing at Shamshernagar Airport swerved to the right and its starboard side wing and engine propeller struck ground. The aircraft flipped over and caught fire.

Source: Willem Wendt

PIA Fokker F27 Friendship Mark 200

Fokker F27 Friendship Mark 200  (Abbas Ali Collection)

AP-AUV wreckage at Shamshernagar Airport

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Date: December 4, 1971

Time:

Type: de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 300

Registration: AP-AWH

C/n: 293

Year built: 1970

Crew: 0 fatalities/0 on board

Passengers: 0 fatalities/0 on board

Total: 0 fatalities/0 on board

Location: Dacca International Airport (Pakistan)

Phase: Ground

Remarks: Destroyed on ground by Indian Air Force (IAF) MiG-21 combat aircraft.

Source: WCAA

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Date: December 12, 1971

Time:

Type: Fokker F27 Friendship Mark 200

Registration: AP-ALX

C/n: 10188

Year built: 1961

Total airframe hours: 22287 hours

Cycles: 26177 cycles

Crew: 4 fatalities/4 on board

Passengers: 0 fatalities/0 on board

Total: 4 fatalities/4 on board

Location: Near Iranian border (Pakistan)

Phase:

Nature:

Flight: Karachi - Zahedan

Flight number:

Remarks: Crashed.

Probable cause:

Source: Willem Wendt

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