History of PIA - Pakistan International Airlines
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PostPosted: Tue Dec 29, 2009 10:06 pm 
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The year 2010 wall calendar of Pakistan Air Force - www.paf.gov.pk - is titled ‘PAF’s Glorious Moments’ and contains paintings by PAF and Pakistan’s well-known aviation artists Group Captain (Retd.) Syed Masood Akhtar Hussaini and Squadron Leader Adnan Siraj. It's a beautiful and very well-designed calendar!

For nearly every month of 2010 in this calendar there's a painting depicting an event from PAF history that also occured in same month in the past.

JANUARY 2010
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Interdiction Strike
By Mirage IIIs


Painting by Group Captain (R) Hussaini

One of the most successful strikes during the 1971 War was at Mukerian Railyard south of Pathankot, where a number of trains laden with ammunition and fuel were attacked by 4 Mirage fighters from Sargodha. The mission was led by Wing Commander Hakimullah with Flight Lieutenant Najeeb Akhtar, Hameed Malik and Hasnat as team members. The Pilots’ accounts, gun camera films and subsequent ground reconnaissance was used by the artist to recreate this scene of destruction.

FEBRUARY 2010
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The PAF "Falcons" Make History

Painting by Group Captain (R) Hussaini

2nd February 1958 was a significant day in the history of aviation as well as that of the Pakistan Air Force. On that day, for the first time a formation of 16 fighters (F-86 Sabres) performed a loop during an air display at Masroor Air Base, Karachi. The painting is partly symbolic, depicting the leading elements of the 16 "Falcons" (their call sign) taking off from the runway at Masroor. In the background is an impression of the 16 Sabres in immaculate formation as they looked after having joined up, climbing vertically for a loop. The team was led by the renowned fighter pilot and wartime leader of the Pakistan Air Force, Wing Commander M.Z. Masud, who was later awarded Hilal-i-Jurat in the 1965 war.

The Team:
Wing Commander M.Z. Masud
Squadron Leader Nazir Latif
Squadron Leader S.U. Khan
Squadron Leader Ghulam Haider
Squadron Leader S.M. Ahmad
Squadron Leader Aftab Ahmad
Squadron Leader M. Sadruddin
Flight Lieutenant Sajjad Haider
Flight Lieutenant A.U. Ahmad
Flight Lieutenant Hameed Anwar
Flight Lieutenant Munirruddin Ahmad
Flight Lieutenant M. Arshad
Flight Lieutenant Jamal A. Khan
Flight Lieutenant A.M.K. Lodhi
Flight Lieutenant Wiqar Azim
Flight Lieutenant M.L. Middlecoat

MARCH 2010
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JF-17 Thunder Makes Public Debut on Pakistan Day Parade
ISLAMABAD – 0920 Hours, 23 March 2007


Painting by Group Captain (R) Hussaini

After years of careful design conceptualization and project planning between strongly bonded China and Pakistan, the first prototype of the JF-17 Thunder fighter flew in 2003. Making rapid progress under dedicated teams of pilots, engineers, technicians and support personnel from both countries, the JF-17 soon began to exceed its design expectations and finally emerged as a high-performance, agile multi-role fighter possessing state-of-the-art capabilities in ordnance arrays, avionics and strike reach that are comparable to the world’s frontline fighters of the new century. The President, General Pervez Musharraf, performed the unveiling ceremony of the Thunder at PAC Kamra on 21 March 2007. Two days later, a pair of JF-17s made their first public appearance over Islamabad during the Pakistan Day Parade, reviewed by the President. The painting shows one of the two Thunders, painted in the striking colours of China and Pakistan, as its pilot, Wing Commander Ahsan, passes before the spectator stands during a rolling maneuver.

APRIL 2010
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PAF Pilot Downs an Israeli Mirage
1532 Hours, April 26, 1974 – Syria


Painting by Group Captain (R) Hussaini

This is an encounter over the Golan Heights between a MiG-21 of the Syrian Air Force and two Israeli Mirages. A Mirage is seen disintegrating after being hit by a missile while the MiG-21, flown by Flight Lieutenant Sattar Alvi (a Pakistan Air Force pilot) prepares to engage the second Mirage. An added feature of this engagement was that the Air Defence Controller was also a Pakistani., Squadron Leader Salim Metla. While leading a MiG-21 patrol along the border, Squadron Leader Arif Manzoor, also of the PAF, was advised of the presence of two Israeli Phantoms but he was cautioned that these could be decoys and that two other fast tracks approaching from the opposite direction might well be the real threat. The latter turned out to be two Mirages and a moment later Alvi, in Arif’s formation, saw the No. 2 Mirage breaking towards him. All this time, heavy radio jamming by Israeli ground stations was making things difficult but the Pakistani pilots had become used to such tactics. Sattar forced the Israeli pair into close combat, firing his K-13 missile at the first opportunity. The Israeli wingman’s Mirage exploded into a ball of fire, while the leader quickly disengaged. Flight Lientenant Sattar Alvi was decorated with gallantry award (equivalent to Sitara-i-Jurat in Pakistan) by the Syrian Government.

MAY 2010
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F-16 Destroys an Intruder
0520 Hours, May 17, 1986 – Parachinar


Painting by Group Captain (R) Hussaini

The painting shows Squadron Leader A. Hameed Qadri of No. 9 Multi-Role Squadron of F-16s having a close look at the SU-22 which was just turned into a ball of fire after being hit by his AIM-9L missile while his No. 2, Squadron Leader Yousaf Chaudhry, is trying to get behind the other SU-22. The encounter took place at 16,000 feet over Parachinar, during the Afghan War, 1979-1988.

JUNE 2010
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The First and the Furious

Painting by Squadron Leader Adnan Siraj

The UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) being small in size and slow in speed is the most difficult to spot and shoot from any fighter aircraft in the world. Squadron Leader Zulfiqar and Squadron Leader Afzal (GIBS) from PAF Base Mushaf destroy an intruding UAV (Searcher-II) of Indian Air Force on the night of 7th June, 2002, during Ops Sentinel. This was the first kill of a UAV at night by any fighter aircraft in the world.

JULY 2010
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Dream to Reality
JF-17 Thunder


Painting by Squadron Leader Adnan Siraj

After years of careful design conceptualization and project planning between strongly bonded China and Pakistan, the first prototype of the JF-17 Thunder fighter flew in 2003. Making rapid progress under dedicated teams of pilots, engineers, technicians and support personnel from both countries, the JF-17 soon began to exceed its design expectations and finally emerged as a high-performance, agile multi-role fighter possessing state-of-the-art capabilities in ordnance arrays, avionics and strike reach that are comparable to the world’s frontline fighters of the new century.

AUGUST 2010
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F-16 vs SU-25
2010 Hours, August 4, 1988 – Near Miranshah


Painting by Group Captain (R) Hussaini

One of the most lethal weapons used by the Soviet Union in Afghanistan was their latest fighter bomber, the SU-25. During one of its night engagements with the Pakistani F-16 inside Pakistan, the SU-25 was shot down and its Russian pilot who ejected was taken POW. The pilot of the SU-25, Colonel Rudskoi Alexander Vladimirovich, was also the Inspector of SU-25s deployed in Afghanistan. He was eventually handed over to the Russian authorities on August 16, 1988. This officer rose to the position of Vice-President of Russia in 1991. Squadron Leader Athar Bukhari of No. 14 Squadron was the pilot of the F-16 while this night interception was conducted on radar by Squadron Leader Taufiq Raja.

SEPTEMBER 2010
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Strike Against a Bomber Base
September 7, 1965


Painting by Group Captain (R) Hussaini

The painting shows 2 of the 5 Dacca-based F-86 Sabres attacking the IAF bomber station at Kalaikunda. The Sabre pilots, quickly overcoming their initial surprise at finding so many bombers neatly lined up, wasted no time in making the best of it. The formation leader was Squadron Leader Shabbir H. Syed with Flight Lieutenants Abdul Baseer, Tariq Habib, Abdul Haleem and Flying Officer Afzal Khan in his formation. In his memoirs written after the 1965 India-Pakistan war, Air Chief Marshal P.C. Lal, Chief of the Air Staff, IAF, conceded the losses suffered by the IAF during this daring attack. He wrote: “A sharp lesson … was taught by the PAF in an attack on an IAF base near Kharagpur (Kalaikunda). In one raid that it mounted, it destroyed several Canberra bombers and Hunter fighter aircraft on the ground.”

OCTOBER 2010
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Sabres Nine
October 27, 1964


Painting by Group Captain (R) Hussaini

A striking feature of this 1964 aerobatic team was that five out of its nine pilots were awarded the Sitara-i-Jurat during the 1965 War. Of these five pilots, Rafiqui, Munir and Yunus attained Shahadat and M.M. Alam became an ace. The leader Wing Commander Anwar Shamim, later became the Chief of the Air Staff.

The Team:
Wing Commander Anwar Shamim
Squadron Leader M. Arshad
Squadron Leader Sarfraz Rafiqui
Squadron Leader Mukhatar Ali
Squadron Leader Muniruddin Ahmad
Squadron Leader M.M. Alam
Squadron Leader M.L. Middlecoat
Flight Lieutenant Yusaf A. Khan
Flight Lieutenant Yunus Hussain

NOVEMBER 2010
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Another One For the Tail Choppers
1020 Hours, November 3, 1988 – Kurrum Valley


Painting by Squadron Leader Adnan Siraj

During the last stage of Afghan War, Flight Lieutenant Khalid Mahmood (Now Air Commodore who has several other air-to-air kills to his credit) from PAF Base Minhas, destroys an SU-22 over Thal area near the border. The pilot of the SU-22 ejected and was taken prisoner.

DECEMBER 2010
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Photo Strike at Pathankot
1445 Hours, December 4, 1971


Painting by Group Captain (R) Hussaini

The 1971 India-Pakistan War in the West began on December 3, 1971 and Pathankot airfield, located at the junction of Punjab and Kashmir, became the lynch-pin for all crucial land and air operations. It was bombed and pinned down by the PAF Mirage aircraft during the day and by the B-57s at night. The painting shows Pathankot airfield camouflaged with nets and camouflage paint, due to which the details merged with surrounding terrain and were difficult to spot from the usual distance by an attacking pilot. Here Squadron Leader Farooq Umar is maneuvering and aligning his Mirage fighter recce aircraft to photograph this heavily defended IAF airfield after an earlier air strike by the PAF. Visible at the beginning of the runway. Clearly visible on the parallel taxi tracks are three grey patches indicating the points at which the taxi track has been freshly repaired, after PAF strikes of the previous day.

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PostPosted: Tue Dec 29, 2009 10:56 pm 
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Quote:
SEPTEMBER 2010
Image
Strike Against a Bomber Base
September 7, 1965


Painting by Group Captain (R) Hussaini

The painting shows 2 of the 5 Dacca-based F-86 Sabres attacking the IAF bomber station at Kalaikunda. The Sabre pilots, quickly overcoming their initial surprise at finding so many bombers neatly lined up, wasted no time in making the best of it. The formation leader was Squadron Leader Shabbir H. Syed with Flight Lieutenants Abdul Baseer, Tariq Habib, Abdul Haleem and Flying Officer Afzal Khan in his formation. In his memoirs written after the 1965 India-Pakistan war, Air Chief Marshal P.C. Lal, Chief of the Air Staff, IAF, conceded the losses suffered by the IAF during this daring attack. He wrote: “A sharp lesson … was taught by the PAF in an attack on an IAF base near Kharagpur (Kalaikunda). In one raid that it mounted, it destroyed several Canberra bombers and Hunter fighter aircraft on the ground.”


Line-up of Indian Air Force (IAF) Canberra bombers burning on Kalaikunda tarmac can be seen in video made from gun camera of one of Dacca-based No. 14 Squadron F-86F Sabre that took part in air raid over Kalaikunda on September 7, 1965.

The video made from No. 14 Squadron F-86F Sabre gun camera is included in ‘No. 14 Squadron ‘Tail Choppers’ – 50 Years of Excellence 1948-1998’ CD officially released by PAF some years ago.

During the Kalaikunda raid, tail section of a number of IAF Canberra bombers caught fire or got damaged after getting hits from bullets fired by PAF No. 14 Squadron F-86F Sabres and that’s how No. 14 Squadron earned nickname ‘Tail Choppers’.

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No. 14 Squadron ‘Tail Choppers’ – 50 Years of Excellence 1948-1998’ CD cover.

Abbas

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PostPosted: Wed Feb 03, 2010 3:04 am 
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The September 2010 page of this calendar shows a painting, Strike Against a Bomber Base. Flight Lieutenant Tariq Habib was one of the pilots in the formation. Mr. Tariq Habib later joined PIA and retired around 2002 as Capt. A-310. His picture can be seen on the following site of historyofpia.com when was a first officer on F-27:

http://www.historyofpia.com/people140.htm


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PostPosted: Wed Feb 03, 2010 6:07 pm 
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^ Thank you Abid for the info.

Here are some photos & related info.

Following is September 1965 war citation for Sitara-e-Jurat medal awarded to Flight Lieutenant Mohammad Tariq Habib Khan.

Flight Lieutenant Mohammad Tariq Habib Khan, G.D. (P)

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Flight Lieutenant Mohammad Tariq Habib Khan was one of the pilots who struck the enemy airfield at Kalaikunda in the first strike mission against the enemy from East Pakistan. He flew three operational sorties and many other Air Defence missions and carried out these missions most courageously with success against heavy odds at great risk and in complete disregard for his personal safety. In one of these sorties, he engaged 4 Indian Air Force Hunters thus diverting their attention from other Pakistan Air Force aircraft who were attacking the enemy airfield. Later, he himself managed to evade the Indian Air Force aircraft and returned to base safely in a crippled aircraft. During all these operations, he destroyed three Canberras and one C-119 on the ground and one Hunter in the air. Flight Lieutenant Tariq carried out all his missions with determination, courage and at great personal risk. For his act of bravery and devotion to duty, Flight Lieutenant Mohammad Tariq Habib Khan is awarded Sitara-e-Jurat.

Source: Book titled 'History of the Pakistan Air Force 1947-1982'

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Air Marshal Nur Khan awarding Sitara-e-Jurat to Flight Lieutenant Mohammad Tariq Habib Khan after September 1965 war.

Photo Source:
Book titled 'Story of PAF Heroes'

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(L to R) First Officer Tariq Habib, Flight Steward Sohail Gill, Capt. Hamid Afzal and Air Hostess Anjum Jilani with Fokker F-27 Friendship at Dera Ismail Khan Airport in 1988

Abbas

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