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History of PIA - Pakistan International Airlines

Date: September 15, 1985

Time:

Type: de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 300

Registration: AP-BCH

C/n: 768

Year built: 1981

Crew: 0 fatalities/0 on board

Passengers: 0 fatalities/0 on board

Total: 0 fatalities/0 on board

Location: Islamabad International Airport (Pakistan)

Phase: Ground

Remarks: On September 15, 1985, a pair of PIA de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 300 aircraft (AP-BCG and AP-BCH) parked at Islamabad International Airport collided with each other due to bad weather in association with strong winds and moisture incursion. AP-BCH suffered serious damage in this incident. Eventually both Twin Otters (AP-BCG & AP-BCH) were repaired and returned to service.

Source: Willem Wendt

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Date: February 4, 1986

Time: 9:00 AM

Type: Boeing 747-282B

Registration: AP-AYW

C/n: 21035/256

Year built: 1975

Crew: 0 fatalities/17 on board

Passengers: 0 fatalities/247 on board

Total: 0 fatalities/264 on board

Location: Islamabad International Airport (Pakistan)

Phase: Landing

Nature: Scheduled passenger

Flight: Karachi - Islamabad

Flight number: PK-300

Remarks: Crew forgot to lower landing gear before landing. The aircraft made belly landing. Passengers and crew were evacuated through emergency escape slides. Some of the passengers received minor injuries during the evacuation process. Two engines of the aircraft were damaged beyond repair due to belly landing. The Boeing 747 returned to service after repair work.

PIA Boeing 747-282B

Boeing 747-282B  (Amaad Lone Collection)

This rare color photo is scanned from 'Flight International' magazine (issue of 12 July, 1986) in Amaad's collection. The photo shows AP-AYW minutes after making belly landing at Islamabad International Airport on February 4, 1986. Two PIA air-hostesses, one seen near the first emergency escape slide (wearing purple color uniform shirt) and the other one near the second emergency escape slide (wearing magenta color uniform shirt), are moving away from the stricken aircraft. And you can see fire fighters giving attention to inner star-board engine


Date: October 23, 1986

Time: 8:49 PM

Type: Fokker F27 Friendship Mark 600

Registration: AP-AUX

C/n: 10335

Year built: 1967

Total airframe hours: 39732 hours

Cycles: 45472 cycles

Crew: 4 fatalities/5 on board

Passengers: 9 fatalities/49 on board

Total: 13 fatalities/54 on board

Location: Peshawar; 10km S (Pakistan)

Phase: Initial approach

Nature: Scheduled passenger

Flight: Lahore - Peshawar

Flight number: PK-672

Remarks: The aircraft undershot Runway 35 during a nighttime approach, impacted the edge of a ditch, broke up and eventually came to rest inverted. The co-pilot, who was under route check, let the aircraft descend below MDA of 400ft in an attempt to locate the runway visually. The pilot was distracted from monitoring the height because he was attempting to talk to the co-pilot into correcting the approach. The aircraft had logged 39732 hours and 45472 cycles.

Source: AL240 + Independent 25.10.1986 + Willem Wendt + ICAO Summary 3/94 (#64).

PIA Fokker F27 Friendship Mark 600

Fokker F27 Friendship Mark 600  (Abbas Ali Collection)

AP-AUX wreckage at accident site

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Date: August 25, 1989

Time: 7:45 AM

Type: Fokker F27 Friendship Mark 200

Registration: AP-BBF

C/n: 10207

Year built: 1962

Total airframe hours: 44524 hours

Cycles: 41685 cycles

Crew: 5 fatalities/5 on board

Passengers: 49 fatalities/49 on board

Total: 54 fatalities/54 on board

Location: Bunji (Pakistan)

Phase: Climb

Nature: Scheduled passenger

Flight: Gilgit - Islamabad

Flight number: PK-404

Remarks: The F27 took off from Gilgit at 7:36 AM and crashed in Himalayan mountains.

Source: Friendship forever nr.6 + A301(17) + ICAO Adrep Summary 4/89 (#14)

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Date: March 18, 1991

Time: 8:50 AM

Type: Airbus A300B4-203

Registration: AP-BAZ

C/n: 099

Year built: 1980

Crew: 0 fatalities/11 on board

Passengers: 0 fatalities/245 on board

Total: 0 fatalities/256 on board

Location: Islamabad International Airport (Pakistan)

Phase: Landing

Nature: Scheduled passenger

Flight: Karachi - Islamabad

Flight number: PK-300

Remarks: Flight PK-300 landed in heavy rain at Islamabad International Airport. The A300 did not stop on runway and entered overrun area. The aircraft's engine number two, starboard side wing and landing gear were damaged. The aircraft was repaired and returned to service in June 1991.

Source: DAWN

PIA Airbus A300B4-203

Airbus A300B4-203  (Abbas Ali Collection)

PIA Airbus A300B4-203, AP-BAZ, with damaged engine number two at Islamabad International Airport on March 18, 1991

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Date: September 28, 1992

Time: 2:30 PM

Type: Airbus A300B4-203

Registration: AP-BCP

C/n: 025

Year built: 1976

Crew: 12 fatalities/12 on board

Passengers: 155 fatalities/155 on board

Total: 167 fatalities/167 on board

Location: Kathmandu; 20km S (Nepal)

Phase: Initial approach

Nature: Scheduled passenger

Flight: Karachi - Kathmandu

Flight number: PK-268

Remarks: PIA flight PK-268 departed Karachi at 11.13 AM for a flight to Kathmandu. The en route portion of the flight was uneventful and the aircraft was cleared for a Sierra approach to Kathmandu Runway 02. The crew was instructed to maintain 11500ft and report at 16DME (16mls from the VOR/DME beacon, which is located 0,6nm short of the runway). The Kathmandu approach is very difficult, since the airport is located in an oval-shaped valley surrounded by mountains as high as 9,665ft. Runway elevation is 4313 above mean seal level (AMSL). The next approach fixes for PIA flight 268 were at 13 DME (at 10500ft), 10 DME (at 9500ft) and 8 DME (at 8200ft). A few seconds after reporting 10 DME, the aircraft was descending through 8200ft (the altitude for 8 DME!). The Airbus crashed into a steep cloud-covered hillside at approx. 7300ft AMSL, at 9,16 DME.

Source: ASW 5.10.1992 (3/4) + 6.2.1995 (5); AW&ST 5.10.1992(36); FI 4-10.11.1992 (8) + 31.3-6.4.1993 (4); Asia Pacific Air Safety Dec.1992 (10-12) + ICAO Adrep Summary 2/94 (#1)

PIA Airbus A300B4-203

Airbus A300B4-203  (Copyright © Wide World Photos)

PIA Airbus A300B4-203, AP-BCP, after crashing into 'Fan Marker Hill' 9nm south of Kathmandu Airport, Nepal, on September 28, 1992. Resting amid the native rhododendrons, its smoking embers mixing with the misty cloud base, the empennage of AP-BCP tells its own tragic story. The sharp gashes in the leading edges of fin and starboard stabilizer attest to the violence of the disintegrating aircraft's passage through the dense canopy of the hillside jungle

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Date: July 5, 1994

Time: 10:25 AM

Type: Fokker F27 Friendship Mark 200

Registration: AP-ALN

C/n: 10164

Year built: 1960

Total airframe hours:

Cycles:

Crew: 0 fatalities/4 on board

Passengers: 0 fatalities/38 on board

Total: 0 fatalities/42 on board

Location: Dera Ismail Khan (Pakistan)

Phase: Final approach

Nature: Scheduled passenger

Flight: Islamabad - Peshawar - Dera Ismail Khan - Zhob - Multan

Flight number: PK-684

Remarks: The flight crew were faced with no.1 engine problems on final approach. The approach was continued, but poor alignment with the runway forced the crew to go-around. The no.2 engine was set at full power and gears and flaps were retracted, but the aircraft continued to lose height. A turn was made to avoid a river and the F27 touched down in a paddy field. The aircraft slid for 300m before colliding with a tree.

Source: S185 + S186 + A300(17) + FI 18-24.1.1995

PIA Fokker F27 Friendship Mk 200

Fokker F27 Friendship Mark 200  (Abbas Ali Collection)

AP-ALN after making crash landing in Dera Ismail Khan on July 5, 1994

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Date: October 21, 1997

Time: 11:54 PM

Type: Boeing 737-340

Registration: AP-BCE

C/n: 23298

Year built: 1985

Crew: 0 fatalities/6 on board

Passengers: 0 fatalities/85 on board

Total: 0 fatalities/91 on board

Location: Karachi International Airport (Pakistan)

Phase: Landing

Nature: Scheduled passenger

Flight: Faisalabad - Karachi

Flight number: PK-343

Remarks: Overran the runway in night landing in heavy rain and came to final stop on unpaved surface about 650 feet to the right from runway end. Left side engine and left side main landing gear of the aircraft suffered extensive damage. The aircraft was removed from accident site and moved to maintenance hangar at 4:00 PM on October 22, 1997. The Boeing 737 was repaired and returned to service.

Probable Cause: On the morning of October 20, 1997, prior to a Karachi to Lahore flight, the operating captain notified the defect of AP-BCE engine number one thrust reverser which was de-activated as per Minimum Equipment List (MEL). However, due to prevailing weather conditions at Lahore Airport, the aircraft was withdrawn from Lahore flight. With the consultation of flight operations manager, the aircraft was allowed to operate Karachi to Faisalabad flight on October 21 with engine number one thrust reverser de-activated. The weather was clear at Faisalabad and the operating crew accepted the aircraft for flight. The Karachi to Faisalabad flight was completed normally. On return flight PK-343 from Faisalabad to Karachi, there was thunderstorm over Karachi and Karachi Airport runway was wet due to rain. Before flight PK-343 landing, crews of other landing aircraft reported medium to poor aircraft brakes action due to wet runway. When PK-343 crew selected to extend flaps to 30 degrees they remained stuck at 25 degrees setting and the Boeing 737 made final approach with higher speed with de-activated engine number one thrust reverser.

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Date: January 18, 1999

Time: 1:43 PM

Type: Boeing 737-340

Registration: AP-BCE

C/n: 23298

Year built: 1985

Crew: 0 fatalities/? on board

Passengers: 0 fatalities/? on board

Total: 0 fatalities/? on board

Location: Lahore International Airport (Pakistan)

Phase: Landing

Nature: Scheduled passenger

Flight: Islamabad - Lahore

Flight number: PK-381

Remarks: On landing, the right wing dropped allowing the engine and wingtip to strike the runway. The aircraft left the runway momentarily until the pilots regained steering control and rolled back onto the runway. The aircraft under its own power was able to taxi to parking bay. The Boeing 737 was repaired and returned to service.

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Date: March 26, 2000

Type: Boeing 747-217B

Registration: AP-BCO

C/n: 20927

Year built: 1974

Crew: 0 fatalities/16 on board

Passengers: 0 fatalities/0 on board

Total: 0 fatalities/16 on board

Location: Jeddah - King Abdul Aziz International Airport (Saudi Arabia)

Phase: Landing

Nature: Ferry

Flight: - Jeddah

Flight number:

Remarks: On landing after a ferry flight with no passengers, the aircraft's right outer engine number 4 (Pratt & Whitney JT9D-7A) caught fire. Cockpit crew managed to extinguish the flames with the 2nd bottle, but local fire fighters had to put out the fire after it re-ignited. All 16 crew members were evacuated without injury. The aircraft sustained damage to the engine, cowling, pylon and adjacent wing fairing. After repairs, this aircraft was put back into service.

Probable Cause: Fractured fuel supply tube in pylon.

Source: NTSB

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